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Oregon - Social Science - Grade 8 - Benchmark 3 - 2003-2005

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  • According to this map, MOST early agricultural sites developed near

    mountains.
    rivers.
    deserts.
    islands.


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  • This map implies that, during prehistoric times, people migrated from

    Africa to Asia.
    Europe to Mesopotamia.
    Africa to Europe.
    Mesopotamia to Europe.


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  • In some parts of ancient Africa, salt and gold were of the same value. This meant that some merchants would trade one pound of salt for one pound of gold. Why was salt so valuable?

    There was a large amount of salt available and few people needed it.
    There was not much salt available and many people needed it.
    There was not much salt available and few people needed it.
    There was a large amount of salt available and many people needed it.


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  • Which ancient civilization developed the first democratic form of government?

    Aztec
    Egyptian
    Mesopotamian
    Greek


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  • The principles of the United States Constitution were influenced by

    the Roman Republic.
    the feudal system.
    the Protestant Reformation.
    the dynasties of the Chinese Empire.


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  • Why was the Renaissance an important period in European history?

    New ways of thinking led to improvements in society.
    Religion was no longer important to society.
    European armies were able to conquer much of the world.
    The spread of diseases came to an end.


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  • During the Renaissance a patron was a person who

    helped artists by mixing paint, cleaning brushes and posing as models.
    supported artists by purchasing their work and encouraging scholars.
    created great works of art in the form of paintings and sculptures.
    studied the ancient writings from the scholars of Greece and Rome.


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  • The basic purpose of government, as described in the Preamble of the United States Constitution, is to

    protect the rights and welfare of United States citizens.
    ensure freedom of speech for all United States citizens.
    have limitless power over United States citizens.
    establish taxation of United States citizens.


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  • Which of these is NOT a function of the federal government?

    Establish local government
    Make treaties with other countries
    Declare war
    Operate the post office


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  • If the judicial branch of the government was eliminated, which of the following would be the effect?

    There would be no Commander in Chief of the United States armed forces.
    There would be no one to rule on the constitutionality of laws.
    There would be no one to make laws.
    There would be no one to veto bills.


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  • Use the graph below to answer the following question. Which reason best explains the sharp decrease in tobacco prices from 1618 to 1631

    Indentured servants filled the labor shortage allowing more tobacco to be cheaply produced.
    Native American demand for tobacco used for ceremonial purposes declined as Indian nations were relocated.
    European countries purchased their tobacco from other countries resulting in less production required.
    Production of tobacco dropped due to a severe labor shortage in the United States.


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  • Use the graphs to answer the next question. According to the pie graphs, what is true about the resources of the North and South in the United States in 1861?

    The North and South had equal populations.
    The South had more railroad track than the North.
    The North produced 71% of all manufactured goods; the South 29%.
    The North had more industry than the South.


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  • Use the cartoon/illustration to answer the following question. The person on the left represents

    the Confederacy in the Civil War.
    the United States in the Spanish-American War.
    the Loyalists in the Revolutionary War.
    the Union in the Civil War.


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  • Use the cartoon/illustration to answer the following question. The person on the right represents

    the Patriots in the Revolutionary War.
    the Confederacy in the Civil War.
    the United States in the Mexican War.
    the Union in the Civil War.


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  • Use the world map to answer the next question. There are few inhabitants in the far Northern Hemisphere because it is made up primarily of


    savanna.
    highlands.
    tundra.
    rain forests.


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  • Bobby, Sam and Arin went on an 8th grade trip. They saw the Gobi Desert, Aral Sea and Mount Everest. Which continent were they visiting?

    Africa
    Asia
    South America
    Europe


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  • The Erie Canal was completed in 1825. The canal’s success set forth an age of canal building. Refer to the map to assist with answering the next question. The most logical location to build an additional canal would be

    between New Jersey and New York.
    between Lake Erie and Elmira.
    between Rome and Watertown.
    between Syracuse and Buffalo.


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  • The Erie Canal was completed in 1825. The canal’s success set forth an age of canal building. Refer to the map to assist with answering the next question. Which is NOT an effect of the completion of the Erie Canal?

    Waterways from the Midwest to the Eastern states were connected.
    Farmers could sell crops at a lower price.
    Transportation between the Midwest and Eastern states became faster.
    Construction of the national roadway was halted.


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  • Which of the following was a result of “Manifest Destiny”?

    United States went to war with Mexico.
    Slaves were emancipated, set free.
    Population of the Northern states increased.
    United States went to war with Great Britain.


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  • The Indian Removal Act of 1830 relocated the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Which choice best describes a reason the United States government might have given for the act.

    Treaties were negotiated with the Native Americans.
    The land in the East was not good for farming.
    The Native Americans demanded relocation to the West.
    The Supreme Court ruled it was constitutional.


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  • The first ten amendments of the United States Constitution are referred to as the

    Constitutional Convention.
    Bill of Rights.
    Townsend Acts.
    First Continental Congress.


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  • The United States Air Force was established as a separate branch of the armed forces after World War II. Which philosophy set forth in the Preamble of the Constitution gave the government authority to do this?

    Provide for common defense
    Promote general welfare
    Insure domestic tranquility
    Establish justice


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  • People who work as United State Supreme Court Justices are appointed by

    the governor of the state where they live.
    the President of the United States.
    the United States Senate.
    the United States House of Representatives.


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  • What factor is MOST likely to determine the actual amount of a worker’s wage or salary?

    The requests of the worker
    The rate of inflation for the entire economy
    The demand for the worker’s ability and skills
    The value of the worker's skills to the government


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  • Use the cartoon to answer the next question. Review the diagram and select the character who is going to make a decision that DOES NOT lead to earning a higher salary in later years.

    I think I will attend college out of state.
    I’m going to skip 6th and 7th period classes again and go home.
    I am going to study so I can raise my GPA to a 3.1 this term.
    I think I will take a computer class after school.


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